~Let me take up again the question of copyright that apparently marks out some of the limits to freedom of speech in liberal society. In a detailed account of the legal disputes over the perpetuity of copyright in late eighteenth-century England, Mark Rose has demonstrated how the idea of incorporeal property (the literary work) emerged through the concept of the author as proprietor. To begin with, those who argued for perpetual copyright did so on the understanding that the author had a natural property right to something he had created. When opponents of unlimited copyright insisted that ideas as such couldn’t be considered property, and that copyright should therefore be treated as a limited personal right exactly like a patent, they were countered by the argument that the property being claimed was neither the physical book that could be purchased, nor the ideas communicated, but something made up of style and sentiment. “What we here observe,” Rose writes, “is a twin birth, the simultaneous emergence in the discourse of the law of the proprietary author and the literary work. The two concepts are bound to each other.”
It should be clear that the law of copyright is not simply a constraint on free communication but also a way of defining how, when, and for whom literary communication (one of the most valued forms of freedom in modern liberal society) can be regarded as free, creative, and inalienable. A person’s freedom to say whatever he or she wants, how he or she wants, depends in part on a particular notion of property. It implies a particular kind of property-owning subject whose freedom of speech rests on the truth of what is spoken—that is, created and offered to the public, but never in its essence alienated.

Thus, while cultural historians have already written at length on the Romantic vocabulary of national freedom movements, historians of literature have now begun to trace the Romantic roots of the concept of “the literary work” through the mutual shaping of freedom and constraint.17 It remains to be investigated to what extent the general idea of “freedom of speech” also has those roots. Such a genealogy has still to be mapped so that we can regard it not as the demand of secular reason but as the outcome of a Romantic project aiming at the construction of virtuous human subjects.~

Talal Asad, Is Critique Secular

Anonymous asked:

you say that a jewish state with a jewish majority is an example of ethnic cleansing? there are twenty two muslim nations, jews were kicked out of a ton of them and we want one peanut sized piece of earth to call our own where we can live autonomously. and let's be realistic, how many palestinians are for a binational state in which theyd live side by side with jews/israelis? because ive only ever heard "From the river to the sea palestine will be free" ...

pax-arabica answered:

and can you honestly say that Hamas isnt a problem at all? can you even pretend like they care about palestinians?

You’ve memorized your common Zionist “arguments”, but your choice of words/wording betrays how little you know what you’re talking about.

First of all, is Israel an example of ethnic cleansing? I don’t know, check this map out:

Despite all the Jewish immigrants from Europe fresh off the boat, not a single area in mandatory Palestine had a Jewish majority. How do you think Israel suddenly has a Jewish majority? Have you ever heard of the Nakba of 1948? Or the Naksa? Plan Dalet? Are you not aware that the Palestinians are the largest refugee population on the planet?

Second of all: “There are 22 Muslim nations”. You’re conflating Arab with Muslim. Not all Muslims are Arabs, and not all Arabs are Muslim. Even if there were 500 Arab countries, that wouldn’t matter. Arabs aren’t interchangeable. We’re talking about hundreds of millions of people spreading from the Atlantic to the Persian Gulf. Palestinians have their own culture, traditions and history. Just like the Lebanese, Syrians, Iraqis..etc. Lumping up all Arabs as interchangeable is typical erasure, and is pretty racist.

I won’t defend the expulsion of the Jewish populations from some Arab countries, but you have to understand that it was a reaction to the expulsion of the Palestinians, not the other way around. In a perfect world, after Palestinian refugees return home to full compensation, the same should happen with the Jewish population as well.

You want to live autonomously? That’s your right. But not at my expense. Your rights end where my rights begin. Who do you think you are that your own self determination and autonomy is more important than mine? How can you reconcile solving your problem at my expense?

How can you sleep at night, knowing that to end your diaspora, you started another peoples diaspora?

How can you justify robbing a people of a state so you can have your own? Unless on a certain level, you believe you are more deserving. Unless you believe that you are better. And that’s the logic of Zionism. A racist colonial ideology.

Like I said in previous asks, about a third of Israelis and Palestinians now support a one state scenario, and it’s rising. Especially as the discourse becomes more mainstream, and the settlements spell the doom of any two state resolution. Want to be realistic? Can’t get more real than that. That’s where we’re headed, like it or hate it.

As for the Hamas bit. This is so transparent, you literally just called us interchangeable with all other Arabs, and the subtext of your ask basically told us to just “suck it up”. But now, you suddenly care about the Palestinian population when it comes to roasting Hamas. We’re not a prop for you to use in your arguments.

Second of all, Israelis and pro-Israelis love to talk about Hamas as if it’s the devil, and the true problem messing everything up. This is not true at all, but for arguments sake, let’s say that Hamas is indeed the source of all evil right now..

Hamas was founded in 1987.

So..why was there no peace before then? You love to blame the rockets. The rockets are not even 12 years old. How about before that?

You never once ask yourself, why some Palestinians feel that Hamas is needed. Do you know what the acronym Hamas stands for? It’s the Islamic Resistance Movement. That means that they are a symptom of something, they were created in response to something. That something is Israeli expansionism, settler colonialism and a brutal long running occupation.

I could seriously write entire posts about just one of these myths Zionists love to spread. Anyone who knows anything about the history of the situation can see right through them. Useless appeals to emotion and manipulation. But..I’ve already clogged up everyone’s dashes so I’ll stop.

diasporadash:

Slave revolts in Puerto Rico: conspiracies and uprisings, 1795-1873
by Guillermo A. Baralt
From the emergence of the first sugar plantations up until 1873, when slavery was abolished, the wealth amassed by many landowners in Puerto Rico derived mainly from the exploitation of slaves. But slavery generated its antithesis - disobedience, uprisings and flights. This book documents these expressions of collective resistance.

diasporadash:

Slave revolts in Puerto Rico: conspiracies and uprisings, 1795-1873

by Guillermo A. Baralt

From the emergence of the first sugar plantations up until 1873, when slavery was abolished, the wealth amassed by many landowners in Puerto Rico derived mainly from the exploitation of slaves. But slavery generated its antithesis - disobedience, uprisings and flights. This book documents these expressions of collective resistance.

Reblogged from processedlives

By delinking ethnic/racial/gender/sexual epistemic location from the subject that speaks, Western philosophy and sciences are able to produce a myth about a Truthful universal knowledge that covers up, that is, conceals who is speaking as well as the geo-political and body-political epistemic location in the structures of colonial power/knowledge from which the subject speaks
~ Ramón Grosfoguel
Desiring Whiteness provides a compelling new interpretation of how we understand race. Race is often seen to be a social construction. Nevertheless, we continue to deploy race thinking in our everyday life as a way of telling people apart visually. How do subjects become raced? Is it common sense to read bodies as racially marked? Employing Lacan’s theories of the subject and sexual difference, Seshadri-Crooks explores how the discourse of race parallels that of sexual difference in making racial identity a fundamental component of our thinking. Through close readings of literary and film texts, Seshardi-Crooks also investigates whether race is a system of difference equally determined by Whiteness. She argues that it is in relation to Whiteness that systems of racial classification are organized, endowing it with a power to shape human difference.[PDF FREE] [AMAZON]

Desiring Whiteness provides a compelling new interpretation of how we understand race. Race is often seen to be a social construction. Nevertheless, we continue to deploy race thinking in our everyday life as a way of telling people apart visually. How do subjects become raced? Is it common sense to read bodies as racially marked? Employing Lacan’s theories of the subject and sexual difference, Seshadri-Crooks explores how the discourse of race parallels that of sexual difference in making racial identity a fundamental component of our thinking. Through close readings of literary and film texts, Seshardi-Crooks also investigates whether race is a system of difference equally determined by Whiteness. She argues that it is in relation to Whiteness that systems of racial classification are organized, endowing it with a power to shape human difference.
[PDF FREE] [AMAZON]

blackbooks365:

Black Skin, White Masks by Frantz Fanon
Description:
Few modern voices have had as profound an impact on the black identity and critical race theory as Frantz Fanon, and Black Skin, White Masks  represents some of his most important work. Fanon’s masterwork is now available in a new translation that updates its language for a new generation of readers.
A major influence on civil rights, anti-colonial, and black consciousness movements around the world, Black Skin, White Masks is the unsurpassed study of the black psyche in a white world. Hailed for its scientific analysis and poetic grace when it was first published in 1952, the book remains a vital force today from one of the most important theorists of revolutionary struggle, colonialism, and racial difference in history.

blackbooks365:

Black Skin, White Masks by Frantz Fanon

Description:

Few modern voices have had as profound an impact on the black identity and critical race theory as Frantz Fanon, and Black Skin, White Masks  represents some of his most important work. Fanon’s masterwork is now available in a new translation that updates its language for a new generation of readers.

A major influence on civil rights, anti-colonial, and black consciousness movements around the world, Black Skin, White Masks is the unsurpassed study of the black psyche in a white world. Hailed for its scientific analysis and poetic grace when it was first published in 1952, the book remains a vital force today from one of the most important theorists of revolutionary struggle, colonialism, and racial difference in history.

Reblogged from processedlives

A new feature documentary by Göran Hugo Olsson
Concerning Violence is a bold and fresh visual narrative from Africa based on newly discovered archive material covering the most daring moments in the struggle for liberation from colonial rule. This powerful footage is combined with text from Frantz Fanon’s landmark book The Wretched of the Earth - written in 1960 and still a major tool for understanding and illuminating the neocolonialism happening today, as well as the unrest and the reactions against it. 

"Colonialism is not a thinking machine, nor a body endowed with reasoning faculties. It is violence in its natural state, and it will only yield when confronted with greater violence."
"Come comrades, the European game is finally over; we must look for something else. We can do anything today provided we do not ape Europe, provided we are not obsessed with catching up with Europe. Europe has gained such a mad and reckless momentum that it has lost control and reason and is heading at dizzying speed towards the brink from which we would be advised to remove ourselves as quickly as possible."
-Frantz Fanon

[Concerning Violence- Trailer] [Official Website] [Review] 

A new feature documentary by Göran Hugo Olsson

Concerning Violence is a bold and fresh visual narrative from Africa based on newly discovered archive material covering the most daring moments in the struggle for liberation from colonial rule. This powerful footage is combined with text from Frantz Fanon’s landmark book The Wretched of the Earth - written in 1960 and still a major tool for understanding and illuminating the neocolonialism happening today, as well as the unrest and the reactions against it. 

"Colonialism is not a thinking machine, nor a body endowed with reasoning faculties. It is violence in its natural state, and it will only yield when confronted with greater violence."

"Come comrades, the European game is finally over; we must look for something else. We can do anything today provided we do not ape Europe, provided we are not obsessed with catching up with Europe. Europe has gained such a mad and reckless momentum that it has lost control and reason and is heading at dizzying speed towards the brink from which we would be advised to remove ourselves as quickly as possible."

-Frantz Fanon

[Concerning Violence- Trailer] [Official Website] [Review